4C hair: This hair type is known for its tight coils and high shrinkage, causing it to appear shorter than it is when not stretched. It is one of the most delicate textures and requires regular moisturization and protection from heat-styling and harsh styling products.
Moisturizing and Cleansing: Shampoo your 4C hair only occasionally to avoid stripping it of vital oils that keep it healthy and moisturized. Use a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo, and consider co-washing with a moisturizing conditioner.
Curls: 4C hair is characterized by tight coils forming a “Z” pattern. Providing ample moisture in your daily hair regimen is vital to prevent severe shrinkage when dry. Deep conditioning treatments, co-washing with conditioner, and using the LOC method (liquid, oil, and cream) can help maintain coils’ integrity and shape. Choose styling methods such as braiding, protective styles, or bantu knot outs and avoid over-tightening to prevent frizz and breakage.
Moisture: Like other curl types, 4C hair needs frequent moisturization. Due to its tight coils, sebum (natural oils from the scalp) cannot reach all sections of hair at once. Therefore, using a moisturizer specifically tailored for kinky textures is essential. Deep conditioning treatments with protein-rich conditioners containing shea butter and coconut oil can repair damage and restore elasticity. Avoid sulfates and silicones, and opt for moisturizing conditioners with shea butter, Japanese sake extract, argan oil, or jojoba ester oil. Try the LOC method: liquid, oil, and cream.
Detangling: 4C hair tends to tangle more quickly, so regular detangling is necessary to prevent breakage. Use wide-tooth combs or detangling brushes designed for 4C hair, as they can work through knots without causing damage. Apply a detangler specifically for curly hair to minimize breakage. Detangle freshly damp hair, divide it into sections, and be gentle to avoid injury.
Trimming: Routine trims are essential for maintaining healthy and long 4C hair, which often experiences significant shrinkage. Use a trimmer for curly or oily hair to avoid damaging the coils. Prioritize using a pre-poo before shampooing and switch to a gentle co-wash instead of harsh shampoos that contain sulfates.